Oral Warts: Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Oral warts can appear anywhere within the oral cavity or on the lips and are not painful unless they have been irritated or traumatized. Typically, they are small and discrete, and there is usually only one or a small number of them present at a time.

They are rough and lumpy, and can appear in some different guises; as dome-shaped growths that may be white or the color of normal mucosa, flat-topped elevations that are the color of normal mucosa, or thickened frond-like growths.

Causes of Oral warts

Oral Warts are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) which is a double-stranded DNA virus, of which there are more than 100 strains. The virus enters the body, usually through a cut or small tear inside the mouth.

It can also be caused by drinking alcohol and smoking. Poor hygiene may also be the cause of this wart. Oral warts are more common in people with weakened immune system, such as those with HIV.

Symptoms of Oral warts

The mouth can feel sore as warts develop, especially if they are irritated by the food, the tongue or accidental biting. The person with this kind of wart will have a problem in swallowing and constant earaches.

Treatment of Oral Warts

These types of warts may spontaneously disappear with time, though this is not always guaranteed. Oral warts are more dangerous than the other types of warts as they can lead to cancer. As such, if you notice any unusual growth in your mouth or on your lips, a doctor must be consulted immediately.

Oral Warts can be destroyed or removed in some different ways, but because of their difficult-to-reach location, tropical creams have mixed results.

So, a medical practitioner may go to war on oral warts by using one of a variety of different methods including surgical removal, freezing with cryotherapy, injecting warts with interferon alpha or zapping them with a carbon dioxide laser.

Even if these treatments are effective, they can be painful, and there’s always a possibility of warts making an unscheduled return. Never attempt to remove a wart yourself by burning, cutting or any other self-help methods.

How can Oral Warts spread?

Oral warts can spread by kissing, by oral-genital contacts and can also spread by using the cutlery of the infected person i.e. if a healthy person uses the eating equipment or drinking cup of the infected person, the healthy person can contract the wart.

To prevent Oral warts, condoms should be used when engaging in oral sex. Dental dams are also useful for prevention of oral warts. Keep in mind that a condom will not cover all areas that are infected, so it is not a guarantee that you will be protected.

To entirely prevent being infected with the HPV, you must refrain from having sexual relations with an infected person.

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