Basically, there are five methods that can be used to treat warts which include the following:
Treatment 1: Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid is a mono hydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid and a beta hydroxy acid. Salicylic acid is applied directly to the affected area on the skin, and it works by softening the outer layer of the skin and by increasing the amount of moisture in the skin and helps to dissolve the substance that causes the skin cells to stick together.
It is usually available as an ointment, gel, topical liquid, scalp application, and shampoo.
Salicylic acid can cause skin irritation, dryness or sore on the surface of the skin. It is just as effective as cryotherapy in the treatment of wart, but the effect on wart is average, and the use of the salicylic method in the treatment of wart is less painful.
Treatment 2: Cryotherapy
Cryotherapy is the general use of low temperatures in medical therapy. Cryotherapy, also called “cryosurgery”, involves the use of liquid nitrogen or solid CO2 to freeze skin lesions. The goal of cryotherapy is to reduce the number of cell growth and cellular metabolism, to reduce inflammation, reduce pain and spasm and also promote the constriction of the blood vessels. Cryotherapy has been shown to be effective in selected patients.
Cryotherapy may however be painful as the doctor will have to trim the wart with a small knife before liquid nitrogen is applied. Cryotherapy can help to reduce unwanted nerve irritation and at the same time leave the tissue affected with unusual sensations, such as hypoesthesiasis which is a partial loss of tactile sensation or numbness. It can also lead to redness and irritation of the skin.
Treatment 3: Use of Wartrol wart remover
This wart removal is a drug that can help eradicate warts confidently without the risk of causing damage to the skin or fear of the wrong usage. Wartrol contains salicylic acid as an ingredient and other chemicals.
Wartrol wart removal is highly effective to treat and eradicate warts safely, and this is easy to use and entirely safe. The use of this drug is not painful, and Wartrol does not have any significant side effects. It is entirely natural, but it can cause minor skin rashes and skin irritation from a minority of those who use it whose skin are sensitive to the product.
Treatment 4: Surgery
Surgery is also an alternative in the treatment of warts. It is usually used as the last resort when other options have failed. We have the Electro-surgery which involves charring the wart with an electric current and Laser surgery which requires the use of an intense beam of light to remove warts.
The use of surgery in removing warts is very practical but can be painful. Surgical treatment can result in scarring of the treated area, and it can cause some pain.
Treatment 5: Cantharidine
It is a toxic chemical compound that is secreted by many species of blister beetle or Spanish fly in nature. It can be an effective way in removing warts if it is applied in the diluted form. The advantage of using cantharidin to treat wart is that it does not leave behind any scar tissue.
The use of cantharidin can be painful depending on how worst the wart is.
Common side effects include itching, burning, tenderness of the skin surrounding the wart, blistering, and pains all over that part of the surface in which it was applied. There can also be a temporary color change on the skin. Allergic reactions may also occur like skin rashes, swelling of the mouth etc.